Papers and Briefs

April 2024

  1. ILO Working paper 113

    Financing gap for universal social protection (mobi)

    23 April 2024

    Global, regional and national estimates and strategies for creating fiscal space

  2. ILO Working paper 113

    Financing gap for universal social protection (epub)

    23 April 2024

    Global, regional and national estimates and strategies for creating fiscal space

  3. ILO Working paper 113

    Financing gap for universal social protection

    23 April 2024

    Global, regional and national estimates and strategies for creating fiscal space.

  4. ILO Working paper 111

    Intergenerational trends in educational and income mobility in the United States of America since the 1960s

    05 April 2024

    This paper examines the evolution of educational and income mobility in the US since the 1960s, showing increased upward mobility for low-income individuals and decreased downward mobility for children of college graduates, highlighting the role of parental income in securing intergenerational wealth and the creation of a wealthy, educated elite.

February 2024

  1. Report

    Algorithmic Management practices in regular workplaces: case studies in logistics and healthcare

    19 February 2024

    An analysis of algorithmic management in logistics and healthcare, examining its global impact on job quality and work organization

  2. ILO Working paper 108

    Youth employment policies: Patterns and trends in two unique data sets

    19 February 2024

    Youth employment challenges are always a critical concern for policymakers. There is recurring and mounting evidence that labour market challenges, such as unemployment, informality, lack of social protection and inactivity, disproportionately affect youths.

  3. ILO Working paper 105

    What Is Driving Wealth Inequality in the United States of America? – The Role of Productivity, Taxation and Skills

    15 February 2024

    This paper assesses the drivers of wealth inequality. While inequality between skilled and unskilled workers is due to differences in educational attainment, within-group inequality is due to differences in productivity across firms. Workers in more successful firms are paid more than their peers with the same level of education and skills in less successful firms.

  4. ILO Working paper 107

    Employment and wage disparities between rural and urban areas

    13 February 2024

    This study uses household survey data from 58 countries around the world to compare the labour market outcomes of rural and urban workers, taking into account the specific socio-demographic characteristics of rural populations. It also provides an overview of the legal frameworks that can be used to address rural-urban employment and wage disparities.

  5. Country Study

    The employment effects of industrial symbiosis networks in the South African informal sector

    08 February 2024

    This report deals with the employment effects of industrial symbiosis in the provinces of Gauteng and the Western Cape in South Africa. It focuses on the textile and construction value chains and formalization.

January 2024

  1. ILO Working paper 102

    A Technological Construction of Society: Comparing GPT-4 and Human Respondents for Occupational Evaluation in the UK

    19 January 2024

    The paper systematically compares GPT-4's evaluations of occupations with those from a high-quality human survey in the UK, finding high correlation but also highlighting the potentials and risks of using LLMs in sociological and occupational research.