Publications on informal economy

  1. ILO Working paper 113

    Financing gap for universal social protection (mobi)

    23 April 2024

    Global, regional and national estimates and strategies for creating fiscal space

  2. ILO Working paper 113

    Financing gap for universal social protection (epub)

    23 April 2024

    Global, regional and national estimates and strategies for creating fiscal space

  3. ILO Working paper 112

    New technologies, e-government and informality

    15 April 2024

    This working paper studies the complex relationship between technology adoption and infor­mality, leveraging recent cross-country data to analyse the effects of mobile phone subscrip­tions, internet access, automation and e-government on informal employment, vulnerable em­ployment, and the shadow economy's GDP share.

  4. Report

    Arab States Employment and Social Outlook - Trends 2024: Promoting social justice through a just transition

    20 February 2024

  5. ILO Working Paper 103

    New Forms of Employment and Labour Protection in China

    20 February 2024

    The objective of this paper is to provide a panoramic description and analysis of the diversity of the new forms of employment that have been emerging in China, with the focus on their background, the main types, the status quo of labour rights protection, and the government's responses to the challenges of labour regulations brought by NFE. Finally, on the basis of the above, the paper puts forward corresponding policy recommendations on how to improve workers' protection in new forms of Employment.

  6. Country Study

    The employment effects of industrial symbiosis networks in the South African informal sector

    08 February 2024

    This report deals with the employment effects of industrial symbiosis in the provinces of Gauteng and the Western Cape in South Africa. It focuses on the textile and construction value chains and formalization.

  7. ILO Working paper 106

    Are platform workers willing to unionize? Exploring survey evidence from 14 European countries

    06 February 2024

    This study contributes to the understanding of unionization in the platform economy, both in terms of membership rates among different groups of platform workers and the potential for unionization among those who are not yet members. The findings are based on a unique cross-national and comparative survey, dedicated to the analysis of various forms of digitally-mediated work and trade union-related behaviour, which allows for an explicit link between the platform economy and the conventional economy.

  8. Social protection

    ILO Strategy on extending social protection to migrant workers, refugees and their families

    30 January 2024

    All members of society have the right to social security, including migrant workers, refugees, and their families. However, they face numerous legal and practical obstacles in accessing social protection. Based on the principles of equality of treatment and non-discrimination, well-designed and inclusive social protection systems and international cooperation, are powerful tools to reduce poverty, inequality, social exclusion and achieving sustainable development.

  9. Executive Summary

    World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2024

    10 January 2024

    Labour markets have shown surprising resilience despite deteriorating economic conditions, but recovery from the pandemic remains uneven as new vulnerabilities and multiple crises are eroding prospects for greater social justice.

  10. Report

    World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2024

    10 January 2024

    Labour markets have shown surprising resilience despite deteriorating economic conditions, but recovery from the pandemic remains uneven as new vulnerabilities and multiple crises are eroding prospects for greater social justice.